A Mixed Breed Chorkie
The Chorkie is not a thoroughbred but a cross between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Chihuahua created during the early 1990s. A Chorkie breed is also known as Yorkie Chi, Yorkiehuahua, or Chia Yorkie. They are one of the cutest breeds of dog and very popular with modern dog owners who prefer designer type dogs. They have a lifespan of 10 – 15 years and are quite small with males and females weighing between 3.6kg and 5kg (8 – 10 pounds). Chorkies are between 15.2 and 22.9cm in height.
The Chorkie Temperament
In order to gauge the temperament of a Chorkie the characteristics of both a Yorkshire Terrier and a Chihuahua should be taken into account and realize that there will be a combination of both found in the mixed breed. As with most dogs from mixed breeds, the physical appearance of a Chorkie will have subtle differences gained from the genetic contribution of both parents.
Chorkies can be extremely small, even toy-sized, because of the size of their parents, and make delightful indoor pets. Generally, Chorkies will inherit the long, silky coat of the Yorkshire Terrier while the head shape will be that of a Chihuahua. They usually have the pointed ears of a Chihuahua but sometimes their ears may droop. Due to the genetics from the Chihuahua, Chorkies come in a variety of different colors that are unlike the traditional gray, black and tan of the Yorkshire Terrier.
Mixed breed dogs do not breed true and pure Chorkie offspring seldom retain the same characteristics that defined their parents. However, Chorkies do retain the extremely high intelligence of both the Yorkshire Terrier and the Chihuahua and are therefore highly trainable. Since they are primarily indoor animals, housekeeping and training should be taught early. They can be stubborn and therefore calm, assertive leadership is important from the start.
Foood and Exercise
Because Chorkies have extremely high energy levels they should be fed a variety of high-quality dry kibble that will supply all their nutritional needs. Chorkies are generally self-assured and confident, like their parents Because they are highly energetic they require a good deal of exercise. They are good guard dogs as they feel the need to alert their owners of suspicious movement by barking loudly, and have the extraordinary courage characteristic of the Yorkshire Terrier. Chorkies can be extremely willful if not trained with strict rules and boundaries from puppyhood. Do not allow the small size of these cute dogs fool you, they can become a nightmare to handle if they don’t receive firm leadership. They require a great deal of play and exercise to prevent them from becoming bored and unruly. Despite their size, they have huge bundles of energy that need to be released to maintain a balanced state of mind.
Good exercise for Chorkies is daily short walks to provide them with the mental stimulation that these small dogs need to lead happy and healthy lives. Vigorous indoor play with toys and balls are also well appreciated by Chorkies. If Chorkies are socialized with other animals and people from early puppyhood it will prevent them developing behavioral problems later on in life towards strangers and other animals.
Common health problems are allergies and skin problems. Because mixed breeds are generally healthier than purebred dogs, Chorkies do not tend to inherit the ailments that generally affect their thoroughbred parents and have a fairly high life expectancy of ten to fifteen years. As they are prone to excessive hair growth in the ears, owners should carefully watch this as it can cause ear infections.
In America, like other designer breeds, Chorkies are not recognized by the AKC (American Kennel Club) as they are not pedigreed. However, they are recognized by the Designer Dogs Kennel Club, the American Canine Hybrid Club, the Designer Breed Registry and the International Designer Canine Registry.
Chorkies should have their coats detangled and brushed regularly and should be bathed every one or two weeks. Although they generally are light shedders, frequent brushing will eliminate excess hair accumulating in the home.
Chorkies make wonderful pets as they are easy to care for, generally healthy and extremely playful. If they are well trained from the start they will be a delight to have in the home and to show off to family, friends and strangers alike.